The West Bengal government on Thursday decided to recognise six languages other than Bengali as those spoken by linguistic minorities in the state. Today people of diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds partake in the festivities. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. . [122], In the period 2004–2010, the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 13.9% (calculated in Indian rupee terms) lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. ", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate", "Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population: 2011", Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Table 2(3): Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "With 76 Towns And Cities Already Open Defecation Free, West Bengal Aims To Reach The 100% Mark by the End of This Year", "Catastrophic Health Care Payment: how much protected are the users of public hospitals? Asansol is the second-largest city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal. Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable. The Hindus in West Bengal mostly belong to the shakta and a small community belong to Vaishnavite and Shaivite denominations. There are numerous ways of cooking fish depending on its texture, size, fat content and bones. Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman. [85] West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. [243] Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. [197] Sweets occupy an important place in the diet of Bengalis and at their social ceremonies. [146] Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. Kolkata: Muslim organisations and political parties in West Bengal are preparing to mount a pushback — on the streets and in courts — against the Narendra Modi government’s contentious Citizenship Amendment Bill even as Northeast states like Assam and Tripura witness turbulent scenes. Migratory birds come to the state during the winter. [232][233] All India Radio is a public radio station. [22] This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language. . The tea industry of West Bengal has also witnessed shutdowns for financial and political reasons. [141] There are also private bus companies. Coronavirus Data and Insights. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. Sweets such as narkol-naru, til-naru, moa and payesh are prepared during festivals such as Lakshmi puja. [114] GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. [137][138], Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India. Ross Mallick. [154] Buddhism remains a prominent religion in the Himalayan region of the Darjeeling hills; almost the entirety of West Bengal's Buddhist population is from this region. The description is composed by our digital data assistant. The citadel of Gauḍa served as the capital of the Gauḍa Kingdom, the Pala Empire, and the Sena Empire. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. Ray said TMC was “proud of its non Bengali” residents and that Bengal has always been “mini India”. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. [12] The Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 resulted in an influx of millions of refugees to West Bengal, causing significant strains on its infrastructure. [2] Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. [179][180], A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels. [194] Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. Their social reforms eventually led to a cultural atmosphere that made it possible for practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination, or untouchability, to be abolished. The share of Muslim population has been increased from 76.9% in 1951 to 89.7% in 2001.Hindu population growth has been increases only 23.16% in comparison to Muslim population as 244.68%. Notable handloom saris include tant, jamdani, garad, korial, baluchari, tussar and muslin. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. (1955). Following the West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress coalition under Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress was elected to power with 225 seats in the legislature. Smart cities are being planned close to Kolkata, and major roadway projects are in the offing to revive the economy. These are probably descendants of Bangal migrants from the east. [231], Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. In all Hindu form majority religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal state. One theory suggests the word derives from "Bang", the name of a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BCE. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. [121] The state's share of total industrial output in India was 9.8% in 1980–1981, declining to 5% by 1997–1998. [101], Politics in Bengal is dominated by the All India Trinamool Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress, and the Left Front alliance (led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI(M)). "Don't fall for rumours. ", "Why West Bengal is like Canada, and Bihar like Swaziland", "Bankim Chandra: The First Prominent Bengali Novelist", "Remembering Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the 'Awara Masiha, "Manik Bandopadhyay Taking the road less travelled", "Folk & Culture : Purulia, Famous Folk Dance "Chau, "contemporaryart-india – Art History: Bengal Region", "Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation: A case study from Bangladesh", "Bengalis relish hilsa fish as imports of the Bangladeshi delicacy grow", "Resurrected, the kathi roll – Face-off resolved, Nizam's set to open with food court", "Durga Puja in India: Largest Open Air Art Expo", "Foreign bloggers and travel writers soak in Kolkata's festive spirit – Times of India", "In photos: Glimpses of a Bengali Christmas on Kolkata's Park Street", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "UGC recognised Universities in West Bengal with NAAC accreditation status", "West Bengal University of Health Sciences", "Vidyasagar college history, Glory and evolution", "Visva-Bharati: Facts and Figures at a Glance", "NAAC accredited higher educational institution s in West Bengal", "University Grants commission ::Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area", "Some of the distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta", "Bengali News Channel took 5 months to reach no.1 position", "The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicator Report April–June 2017", "Kolkata-football infrastructure is from-the past century", "Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), Kolkata", "Lionel Messi arrives in Kolkata for friendly match against Venezuela", "Poverty and social development in west bengal", "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal&oldid=999930024#Demographics, Bengali-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1947, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [199][200], Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. Development Policy of a Communist Government: West Bengal Since 1977, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 17:39. All are important cultural events. [118]:4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction. [159] Data from 2010 to 2014 showed the life expectancy in the state was 70.2 years, higher than the national value of 67.9. [208] The whole of Park Street is hung with colourful lights, and food stalls sell cakes, chocolates, Chinese cuisine, momo, and various other items. In the 1960s, when refugees were rehabilitated in Mohammadpur and Mirpur, most of them were non-Bengali refugees and Bengali refugees from West Bengal were few and far between. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 68.13%. [118]:18 As of 2006, the road density of the state was 103.69 kilometres per square kilometre (166.87 miles per square mile), higher than the national average of 74.7 km/km2 (120.2 mi/sq mi). Christians, Buddhists and others form a minuscule part of the population. [158] The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males. [34] Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists. Food of West Bengal. With an area of 34,267 mi² (88,752 km²), it … [214][215] Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. [213], West Bengal has eighteen universities. [235][236][237] Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India[238] and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. The state capital is Kolkata, the third-largest metropolis, and seventh largest city by population in India. The coastal region of Purba Medinipur exhibits coastal vegetation; the predominant tree is the Casuarina. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. Nearly 20% of people in West Bengal live below the federal poverty line, but this has declined from almost 32% just ten years ago. 1) Bengali Brahmins are distinct. The Assembly is unicameral with 295 members, or MLAs,[99] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. GSDP at current prices (base 2004–2005) has increased from Rs 2,086.56 billion in 2004–05 to Rs 8,00,868 crores in 2014–2015,[113] reaching Rs 10,21,000 crores in 2017–18. [218] The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University. Bengalis or Bangalis (Bengali: বাঙালি), also rendered as the Bengali people/ Bangaals, are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group native to the Bengal region in South Asia.The population is divided between the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley.Most of them speak Bengali, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. [79] The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. Now, West Bengal, once the birthplace of the rich modern Bengali culture, has become a state in India increasingly dominated by Hindi culture backed by north and western Indian corporate interests. Its water flow management has been a source of lingering dispute between India and Bangladesh. Armed attempts against the British Raj from Bengal reached a climax when news of Subhas Chandra Bose leading the Indian National Army against the British reached Bengal. Covering an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi), it is also the seventh-most populous country subdivision of the world. By Aritra Singha On Dec 2, 2020. “Just as they have tried to divide Hindus and Muslims, they are now trying to create a rift between Bengali and non-Bengalis,” he said. Tags: Bengali vs Outsiders BJP Dilip Ghosh SHAH RUKH KHAN TMC West Bengal Elections 2021 West Bengal Elections with ABP Ananda West Bengal politics সম্পর্কিত ঘটনা A non-formal school project run by an NGO of tribal Santals in West Bengal proves that matters need not be that way. [28] Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). In the 16th century, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal. [3] West Bengal also has the 28th-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index, with the index value being less than that of India. The Durgapur centre has established a number of industries in the areas of tea, sugar, chemicals and fertilisers. [188][189][190], There are significant examples of fine arts in Bengal from earlier times, including the terracotta art of Hindu temples and the Kalighat paintings. The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. Although Hindus are the predominant community, the state has a large minority Muslim population. [62] Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.4% or 500,000 of the population in Bangladesh. Darjeeling's schools include: St. Paul's, St. Joseph's North Point, Goethals Memorial School, and Dow Hill in Kurseong. In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state. [230] Ananda Bazar Patrika, published in Kolkata with 1,277,801 daily copies, has the largest circulation for a single-edition, regional language newspaper in India. The region was part of several ancient pan−Indian empires, including the Vangas, Mauryans, and the Guptas. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter. Besides Buddha Purnima, Dashain, or Dusshera, Holi, Diwali, Losar, Namsoong or the Lepcha New Year, and Losoong are the other major festivals of the Darjeeling Himalayan region. [55], During the 1970s and 1980s, severe power shortages, strikes and a violent Marxist–Maoist movement by groups known as the Naxalites damaged much of the city's infrastructure, leading to a period of economic stagnation and deindustrialization. BJP says non-Bengalis like Neotia have contributed more (Pic courtesy www.mid-day.com. The state contributes 7.8% of India's population. DEMOGRAPHY OF WEST BENGAL: Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. [55] In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal. According to the 2011 census, there were 658,618 Christians in West Bengal, or 0.72% of the population. [53], When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. [111], As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. [155] Richard Maxwell Eaton, The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204–1760, 1993. 0. [94] The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree. Janet Levy in her article has presented several facts in favor of this claim, she wrote that “At the time of Partition, the population of Muslims in West Bengal, which was part of India, was slightly more than 12% whereas Hindus in East Bengal who went to Pakistan Today the population of Muslims in West Bengal has increased to 27 percent, in some districts it has gone up to 63 percent, while on the … Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district. [23][24][25], Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had thought. [90] Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. [2] The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. [216] Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. According to a senior leader in the Hyderabad-based party, Owaisi has seen in West Bengal a fertile ground for his expansion plans, as Muslims constitute around 30 per cent of the state's population. Politics West Bengal. [185], West Bengali films are shot mostly in studios in the Kolkata neighbourhood of Tollygunge; the name "Tollywood" (similar to Hollywood and Bollywood) is derived from that name. 2) Kayastha are generic West Bengalis. By. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company. In rural regions of West Bengal state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 953 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 959 girls per 1000 boys. Politics West Bengal. Muslim representation is nowhere close to being proportional with their 27% share in the population in West Bengal either, but their representation has somewhat improved numerically. [126][127][128] Steps are being taken to remedy this situation by promoting West Bengal as an investment destination. Nepali has additional official status in the three subdivisions of Darjeeling district. 3) Some of the West Bengal samples are in the Bangladesh (collected from Dhaka) distribution. [98] The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal. Pitha, a kind of sweet cake, bread, or dim sum, are specialties of the winter season. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in the Indian state of West Bengal with approximately 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as of 2011). 3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in, © 2019-2020 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs, Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group, Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs), 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs), 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level, https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in, Bhutia, Sherpa, Toto, Dukpa, Kagatay, Tibetan, Yolmo. T he spotlight in 2021 seems to be on the West Bengal assembly election but it is the Assam polls that will tell the big political story of recent years — another convincing win by the Bharatiya Janata Party would show how it has learnt to capture territories that are not organic to it, not just electorally, but also politically and culturally. [207], Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. The vast majority of Hindus in West Bengal are Bengali Hindusnumbering around 5.4 crore and comprising 59% of the state population, but a notable section of non-Bengali Hindus also exist, particularly among Marwaris, Biharis… [191][192], The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. [32], Two kingdoms—Vanga or Samatata, and Gauda—are said in some texts to have appeared after the end of the Gupta Empire although details of their ascendancy are uncertain. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. [118]:20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. Part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. According to 2011 India census, Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.3% or 282,898 of the population in West Bengal. University of Calcutta (Focus Area—Electro-Physiological and Neuro-imaging studies including mathematical modelling) has also been selected under the "Centre with Potential for Excellence in a Particular Area" scheme. The city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Durga Puja. India … Both Assam and Bengal go to polls during the summer of 2021. [38], Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate. In the 1960s, the Daily Jugantor (published from Kolkata) opened a section called “The village that you left behind,” which was edited by Dakkhinaranjan Basu. The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is the first research institute in Asia. This was aided by the advent of information technology and IT-enabled services. [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. [105], Each district is governed by a district collector or district magistrate, appointed by either the Indian Administrative Service or the West Bengal Civil Service. According to a senior leader in the Hyderabad-based party, Owaisi has seen in West Bengal a fertile ground for his expansion plans, as Muslims constitute around 30 per cent of the state’s population. Only 14% of women aged 15–49 years in West Bengal have completed 12 or more years of schooling, compared with 22% of men. During the Bengal Sultanate, the territory was a major trading nation in the world, and was often referred by the Europeans as the "richest country to trade with". [51] Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II.

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