It shows that volcanic aerosols force fundamental climate mechanisms that play an important role in the global change process." Can also be used as a stand alone homework task. Weather changes day to day—sometimes it rains, other days it’s hot. So as the mountain climate heats up, the pika climbs the slopes in search of cooler habitat. All the artificial things that make us comfortable at home, like computers, irons, kettles, or microwaves are producing more greenhouse gases than ever before. The more fuels that are burnt, the more CO² is sent into the atmosphere. You can do a lot! Climate is the pattern of the weather conditions over a long period of time for a large area. Have you heard about climate change or even global warming?eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'konnecthq_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_6',102,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'konnecthq_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_7',102,'0','1'])); Well we’re going to make it easy for you to understand exactly what climate change is. The bear would usually be on the sea ice hunting for seals, pouncing when the seal comes up to breathe. That’s why many scientists agree that the Earth is now warming because of human activity. They expect the climate will warm another .5°F to 8.6°F by the year 2100. The American pika, for example, is a small mammal that lives in cool mountainous areas in western North America—in fact, it can die when exposed to temperatures warmer than 78˚F. You can help to solve climate change problems and challenges. If future generations are to make an impact on global warming and fight back against climate change, it's vital for children to learn the importance of forests, the role they play in shaping the environment, and the impact of deforestation. Once it’s absorbed, then the energy goes all the way back into the atmosphere as something called infra-red rays. As humans, we are producing more waste than ever before. Environmental conditions can affect the flavour and quality plus it needs a very specific rainfall to grow. Tropical storms could be stronger, and a continuing rise in sea level due to melting polar ice might push people out of their homes. It could save your family about $200 a year on its energy bill. The Earth is like a glasshouse, with some important gases that keep us warm like water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane. Go by bus, and get the whole family to do the same, Get your bike out and go cycling instead of getting in the car. The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 2.05 degrees Fahrenheit (1.14 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere. Many of … But climate change also presents an opportunity to change the way we live so we improve things for us and the planet. They’ve also ruled out the natural factors that caused warming in the past. Greenhouse effect – sometimes people build greenhouses, which is a small glasshouse to grow flowers or trees. So be cool by doing your best to keep Earth well … cool! Here, in an effort to set the record straight, are five facts about climate change everyone needs to know. Since 1870, global sea levels have risen by about 8 inches. Lesson objectives, starter task and final task included to fully make use of the worksheet provided. In the past, the UK has experienced both freezing ice ages and warm tropical climates. The greenhouse effect is really important, as without it we wouldn’t be able to live on Earth as it wouldn’t be warm enough. When confronted with inaccurate information, the best way to respond is with facts — so keep these seven climate change facts in mind. FOREST FACTS FOR KIDS. In Kenya, climate change is making rainfall patterns less and less predictable. 4 Tweet this fact ». Talk to your parents and the other adults that you know about climate change. But the ice has started to melt earlier and re-form later than it has in the past. The Short Answer: Climate change describes a change in the average conditions — such as temperature and rainfall — in a region over a long period of time. These changes in polar sea ice are a result of climate change. A planned lesson on PowerPoint with a question and answer worksheet to accompany BBC documentary series Climate Change - The Facts. Climate change is real and man-made, and there is overwhelming scientific consensus that this is true. Rainforests and climate Rainforests are weather makers and climate regulators. Although changes to the earth's climate are natural, current changes are a result of increasing human populations and activities. Designed for use with a year 9 group studying climate change. But there’s another thing that adds to Global Warming, and that is the fact that there are fewer forests all over the world which means that there are fewer trees absorbing carbon, so that’s also going into the atmosphere. When lots of ice melts it becomes water and then goes into streams, rivers, lakes, and seas. Between 1901 and 2012, apparently, the Earth’s temperature has risen by 0.89⁰.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'konnecthq_com-box-4','ezslot_9',106,'0','0'])); The amount of rainfall has risen in certain parts of the northern hemisphere since the beginning of the 20th Century. Climate change has caused an increase in the temperatures of polar climates, which has resulted in more ice melting there. Every 40,000 years, the Earth changes positions and this cause climate change. Some places will receive more rainfall, which could lead to flooding, while other places will get less, which might mean drought. Global Warming – any changes in temperature across the Earth. She was born in Stockholm, Sweden, in 2003. (Coral can’t survive in water that’s too warm.) Instead of traveling in a car, use public transportation, walk, or ride your bike when you can. First, gauge what your kids may already know. This gas traps heat that would otherwise escape Earth’s atmosphere. Other effects include heat waves and increased desertification, which brings flooding and smaller harvests. They build them to keep that hot sun in there and not escape. 1) Greta Thunberg is an environmental activist. Over millions of years, and up to the present time, our climate continues to go through shifts. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. Get all the facts you need to know. The Earth’s average temperature has increased about 1.5°F in the past hundred years. The Arctic is warming roughly twice as fast as the rest of the world, causing sea ice to melt earlier and form later each year. Climate change is the biggest threat faced by polar bears. Sir David Attenborough is returning to BBC One presenting a documentary called Climate Change - The Facts. But what happens when temperatures at the top become too warm for the pika? Wash your clothes in cold water, and hang them to dry. 4 Most of the warming occurred in the past 40 years, with the six warmest years on record taking place since 2014. . This is Global Warming. Each and every one of us can make a difference, and here are some things you can do to help! Send a letter or drawing to your mayor, Senate or House representative, or even to the president. Fact 1: The global temperature on an average has increased by 0.6 to 1 degree Celsius till the 20 th century. Your everyday actions affect people, plants, and animals all over the world—including polar bears! All this waste produces smoke, fumes, and water vapor. A polar bear stands on the shore of the Hudson Bay in North America. Arctic and Antarctic ice is melting, leading to rising sea levels. Eat less meat and dairy. © shaunl. [8] Sunlight comes shining through the atmosphere as it passes through a blanket of all the greenhouse gases. We hope that you now know all about Climate Change and what you can do to help. Photograph by Cindy Creighton, Shutterstock. This means that our water levels are rising. It’s simple to make a difference to keep the Earth healthy. This warming is called Global Warming and is caused by the greenhouse effect we’ve just described. These are the exciting careers of the future. (Buying products that are made with recycled glass and plastic also emits carbon dioxide, though less so.) These energy sources release a gas called carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. The carbon dioxide factor There are concerns that the Amazon region could become a net source rather than a sink (storage) of carbon dioxide (CO 2), a gas emitted mainly from burning fossil fuels, coal, oil and natural gas - and the major driver for global climate change. This includes rising sea levels and changes in established weather systems. Sunlight Differences in Polar Climates. Global Warming causes land and water to expand because of the heat, and it also causes ice sheets to melt. The frequency and strength of storms is increasing, leaving destruction in their wake. Learn how the Earth’s temperature is rising due to increased greenhouse gases. Try some of these tips to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide you add to the atmosphere. Biking or walking 10 miles each day instead of riding in a car can save up to 1.9 tons of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere every year. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/science/climate-change.html. 3 In fact, the five warmest years in the 1880–2019 record have all occurred since 2015. Without the sea ice, the polar bear must scavenge for other, less nutritious food. Fact 1 The term global warming refers to the long-term warming of the planet. But this isn’t just affecting polar bears—climate change affects everyone. Wear a warm sweater at home in the winter instead of turning up the heat, and open your windows instead of blasting the air conditioning in the summer. It is an alarm clock set at a horrifying volume. Through careful study, they know that the climate is warming about 10 times faster than the average previous warming times. It would be one very chilly place. Question and answer worksheet to accompany BBC documentary series Climate Change - The Facts. Without it, our planet would be very cold, like Mars. It doesn’t sound like much, but scientists think that the temperature increase has caused melting glaciers, drought, and coral reef die-off. That increases Earth’s temperature, which contributes to the planet’s warming. What could happen? Buy locally grown and in-season foods and products to reduce emissions from transporting products. So each time your parents drive their car or you turn on an electrical appliance, you are adding more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Forests in tropical and temperate regions have a cooling effect, whereas boreal forests found in high northern latitudes make their climate warmer. But, if the greenhouse effect becomes super strong, it could make the Earth warmer. Something self-explanatory from global warming facts, but still important for all that. 1) Climate change never took a break. A polar bear walks along a rocky shore, looking for food. For example, there are places that were really, really cold and now they’re getting warmer, and on the other hand, there are places that are really hot and they’re getting colder. Climate change is the biggest threat we face. This could cause problems for us, plants, and animals.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'konnecthq_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_14',111,'0','0'])); Today we’ve got loads of different industries, with things like cars, planes, and engines being produced in millions every year. Some are more dramatic than others: 800 to 600 million years ago, the Earth was so cold that it was covered with ice. Hundreds of plant and animal species have already experienced changes because of climate change. The big meeting in Paris and the historic agreement however is about climate change caused by human activity. Climate change is linked to plants and animals becoming endangered and becoming extinct. We need lots of trees, so plant them whenever you can. Share Facebook Twitter Whatsapp. Glaciers have shrunk, ice on rivers and lakes is breaking up earlier, plant and animal ranges have shifted and trees are flowering sooner. Climate Change –any change in our climate including wind, precipitation (rain, snow, hail), temperature, winds, and other things. Some people don’t believe this is caused by us humans, but let’s get some of the facts together and you can see what you think. NASA data show that average global temperatures in 2019 were 1.8 degrees F (0.98 degrees C) warmer than the 20th century average. Below are 50 Mind-blowing Facts About Climate Change. 1. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- And of course, these are getting trapped in the atmosphere and making the Earth’s surface warmer. Designed for use with a year 9 group studying climate change. Climate Change The earth's climate has seen many changes in its 4.55 billion years. And climate can be affected by Earth’s atmosphere. Because disease-carrying mosquitoes thrive in warm, wet weather, more people could contract illnesses such as malaria as the Earth warms. If we don’t tackle it the consequences are grim. Climate Change –any change in our climate including wind, precipitation (rain, snow, hail), temperature, winds, and other things.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'konnecthq_com-banner-1','ezslot_12',108,'0','0'])); Global Warming – any changes in temperature across the Earth. Here’s an example for you to think about. 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. In fact over the past 650,000 years, the Earth has gone through seven ice ages and warming periods. The effects of climate change are everywhere. Good thing holey jeans are back in style! A teacher answer sheet is provided and there is an optional extension exam task. Human-caused climate change has caused an approximate temperature rise of 1 degree in the Earth's atmosphere - very rapidly. Our weather can be more extreme where we could have more droughts, or vicious storms and heavy rain. Learn more about climate change and long term weather patterns on BBC Bitesize. Climate change happens all of the time and is natural; weather and climate are almost never the same so there are always slight changes in climate. Climate Change can be difficult for plants and animals, for example where polar bears and penguins live in icy conditions and those ice sheets start to melt, they’ll have nowhere to live. Often there will be droughts followed by huge amounts rain, which makes it very difficult to grow tea. Other species will benefit from a warmer world—but in some cases that would be bad news for humans. Fix your appliances and clothes instead of buying new products. But during the past few hundred years, oil, gas, and coal have powered homes, cars, and factories. The average global surface temperature has already increased by 1.04°C in the last 130 years. You can use this information in projects, or just become clued up on what climate change is all about!eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'konnecthq_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_8',104,'0','0'])); There have been loads of rumblings about how our climate is changing, with scientists warning us all the time that these changes are happening right now, and they’re harming living and non-living things on Earth. CLIMATE-CHANGE FACTS FACT: Carbon dioxide, a byproduct of fossil-fuel combustion, is a greenhouse gas, which traps solar radiation in the atmosphere. 2019 was the second warmest year on record. When sunlight enters our atmosphere, some of the sun’s heat is trapped by the gas, and some bounces back out into space. We can tackle it and we are. Some animals who are losing their habitats due to climate change are polar bears, green sea turtles and coral reefs. Also, there are loads of artificial things being made that end up in waste dumps. 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