Yet, this does not mean that these actors have agreed to the pact. This is the result of months of consultations with member states and other institutions in an attempt to reconcile the different perspectives in migration … The commission wants to achieve a faster process of asylum requests, followed by an immediate return procedure in case of rejection. In her 2019 agenda for the EU, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen stated her willingness to get rid of the regulation. © IOM/Christine Nikolaidou. Another important part of the new pact seeks to overcome the Dublin Regulation. In September 2020, the European Commission proposed a new pact on asylum and migration. According to Eurostat, in 2015 (one year before the entry into force of the MPF) ordered returns to Senegal were 4,685 but returns carried out were 585. Yet, this proposal should be perceived as a threat to what the EU has achieved in this field and, instead of providing a fresh start, it seems to offer a harder-to-reach European Union for those in need. For Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, not only the “mandatory solidarity” concept was a problem, but also the mere concept of not stopping migrants at … Yet, NGOs such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have claimed many times that the statement was unsustainable, pointing to difficulties that this approach posed for migrants. This is the result of months of consultations with member states and other institutions in an attempt to reconcile the different perspectives in migration management. Yet, they are highly restrictive and selective by definition, and do not represent a viable solution for a broader population. There is a broad use of measures such as detention and expulsion, and they often try to avoid the responsibility of processing asylum requests, as the clashes following disembarkation after search-and-rescue operations in the Mediterranean show. “The 2021 EU Presidencies have a pivotal role to facilitate discussions that pave the way to a common and workable EU asylum system that protects people fleeing war and persecution.” This would have been a good starting point to build a more substantial solidarity mechanism. This represents a lost opportunity considering the recent judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union in European Commission v Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. September 29, 2020. The New Pact on Migration and Asylum seems to continue on this path. The European Union has called for a compulsory system across the bloc to manage migration, after years of division over how to respond to a big influx of migrants and refugees. According to the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), one of the world’s largest and leading displacement NGOs, the new EU Pact on Migration and Asylum suggests a wide range of worrying propositions when it comes to the treatment of people seeking protection in the European Union. New Pact on Migration and Asylum On 23 September 2020, the Commission presented a New Pact on Migration and Asylum, setting out a fairer, more European approach to … The European Union remains fundamentally divided over the question of migration into the continent and has been so for years. And it sets in balance the principles of fair sharing of responsibility and… The assessment procedure’s duration is fixed at a maximum of five days, during which the applicants will have to stay in designated facilities near the transit zone. Parts of the proposals will "abolish the rule of law at the external borders," according to one human rights group. Looking at some of the priority countries covered by the MPF, such as Senegal and Mali, the number of repatriations has not increased. The Dublin system’s hierarchical criteria, including the much-criticized illegal-entry provision, remains in force. Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic have already announced their opposition to the New Pact on Migration and Asylum. The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is organising a virtual hearing on the new Pact on migration and asylum, with the aim to provide an understanding of the key elements of the pact and evaluate its impact on the European migration and asylum framework. In September, the European Commission unveiled the New Pact on Migration and Asylum, a series of long-awaited measures to reform the EU migration regime. On 23 September 2020, the European Commission presented its New Pact on Migration and Asylum, accompanying it with an ambitious statement of intent. With the new pact, instead of moving toward increased respect for EU law and the European and international conventions that preserve the rights of migrants and asylum seekers, the EU is moving toward stronger control of its external borders and envisaging a greater role for member states. In the EU Pact on Migration and Asylum, children are more than a footnote. 22 September 2020 | Español | Français | عربي. Don’t miss out on the latest from GMF. On September 23, the European Commission launched the “ New Pact on Migration and Asylum,” proposing to overhaul the European Union’s long ailing policies in this area. The legislative package related to the pact includes a proposal for a regulation dealing with crisis and force majeure in the field of migration and asylum, aimed at establishing a mechanism for dealing with mass influxes and irregular arrivals of third-country nationals in a Member State. In these cases, other member states would have to commit to the mandatory relocation of applicants under international protection or to return sponsorship. The Pact will serve as a policy anchor for the EU’s Multi-annual Financial Framework 2021-2027 adopted last July, which included an expanded budget for Frontex, an Integrated Border Management Fund, and an Asylum and Migration Fund. Asylum and migration management: Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on asylum and migration management and amending Council Directive concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents (COM(2020) 610 final, pdf) Accompanying Commission Staff Working Document (SWD(2020) 207 final, pdf) Italian and European civil society reacted to the European Pact on Migration and Asylum, presented today in Brussels, with conflicting attitudes of cautious hope and disappointment. Measures like talent partnerships and study/work schemes are crucial for talent pooling and should be encouraged. In July 2020 the European Council underlined that this must be developed further and in a more coordinated manner in programmes across the relevant headin gs of the EU budget 40 . Yet, it seems to favor security-driven measures with its primary focus being on border enhancement, quicker repatriations, and putting more pressure on third countries to cooperate in curbing migration. The introduction of solidarity à la carte is a clear example of the European Commission’s realpolitik choice, which is more focused on differentiation than on harmonization. The European Commission has proposed a new Pact on Migration and Asylum for the European Union in the hope that it will solve the deep-seated political crisis that the issue of migration continues to pose in the EU. The Pact will thus promote securitisation in the Mediterranean without generating meaningful change. The new pact also envisages a crisis-response mechanism in case some member states face a mass arrival of irregular migrants or face a political crisis sparked by force majeure. In the months before its launch, civil society groups … Over the last 20 years, the EU has slowly but consistently moved forward in search of a comprehensive approach to immigration that could address the phenomenon in the regions of origin and transit. However, human rights organisations raise several serious concerns regarding the new measures proposed. The proposed reforms aim to solve the shortcomings that, during the refugee crisis of 2015–2016, have led to the failure of the EU migration regime. Commission President von der Leyen at her Opening Statement in July 2019, is not new. From that moment on, the EU deliberately acted through externalization, as exemplified by the EU-Turkey agreement, the New Agenda on Migration, and the Migration Partnership Framework (MPF). To this end, it envisages that visa facilitation, development cooperation, trade policies, and investments should be put at the core of relations with third countries in the field of migration. In 2018 the figures were 7,280, and 615. Brussels 23.09.2020 Today, the European Commission is proposing a new Pact on Migration and Asylum, covering all of the different elements needed for a comprehensive European approach to migration. Finally, until the screening procedure is completed, the person will not be considered as having legally entered the state’s territory, leading to a stronger linkage between asylum and expulsion. On the eve of the launch of the presentation of the European Commission’s new Pact on Migration and Asylum, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and IOM, the International Organization for Migration, are appealing to … Even the EU Ombudsman has criticized the agreement, arguing that “the Commission should carry out a human rights impact assessment of the Agreement”. GMF brings together hundreds of policymakers, elected officials, academics, and business leaders from around the world to discuss topics from energy to migration, economics to security, urban growth to diplomacy. This is rooted in the resistance that many member states have to the principles of redistribution and solidarity, as the past failed reforms in this area show. This is a clear example of the proposal’s inadequacy as it exposes people entitled to submit an asylum request to further danger. Photo Credit: Procyk Radek / Shutterstock. For this reason, the European Commission proposes the establishment of an “accelerated decision mechanism” to assess an asylum seeker’s right, as envisaged in the proposal for a regulation on screening at the external borders. 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