Some 909 beneficiaries of the Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development received their certificates of completion after finishing a technical vocational skills training course sponsored by the Department in collaboration with Immanuel Global College de Philippines, Inc. (IGCPI), a local technical vocational institution in Cagayan de Oro City. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. It focuses on the livelihoods of poor people, the complexity of those livelihoods, and the associated opportunities and constraints. Processes embrace the laws, regulations, policies, operational arrangements, agreements, societal norms, and practices that, in turn, determine the way in which structures operate. Processes are important to every aspect of livelihoods. The sustainable livelihoods approach encourages thinking out of the box. It does not replace other tools, such as participatory development, sector-wide approaches, or integrated rural development. Source: Ashley and Carney (1999) p. 4. They provide a way of conceptualising key influences on the livelihoods of poor people, including their vulnerability, their access to assets, and the various factors that influence what they can achieve with these assets. They enable people to transform one type of asset into another through markets. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.” (DFID, 2000) DFID’s biggest aim is the elimination of poverty in poorer countries. It invites them to look at contexts and relationships so that development activities can become more process-oriented. It helps formulate development activities that are. The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. Sustainable Livelihood Approach There are varied definitions of sustainable livelihoods. Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 IGO license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/igo/) which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the Asian Development Bank, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made. December, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/igo/, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0983-9_5. The focus was on the factors that are most relevant to the farmer’s livelihoods and the relationship between these factors. For example, they can be very helpful in looking at the vulnerability of the poor to climate change and high food prices, at their resilience and ability to adapt, and at ways in which policies can help reduce vulnerability. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. livelihood strategies, especially agricultural intensification and migration; • tempered in form and extent by wealth disparities and differential access to entitlements. However, it makes the connection between people and the overall enabling environment that influences the outcomes of livelihood strategies. Part of Springer Nature. In a Word The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. 185.2.4.101. Note that the link provided above includes additional terms and conditions of the license. Cite as. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource-based activities, nonnatural resource-based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensification versus diversification, and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. 4.2.1 lists a set of guiding principles adopted by DFID in its support for sustainable livelihoods. With our livelihood programme, the Liliane Foundation supports youngsters with disabilities gain a sustainable livelihood, to have access to social protection measures, and to obtain decent work and income. Policy-determining structures cannot be effective in the absence of appropriate institutions and processes through which policies can be implemented. It frees development practitioners from conventional approaches that are often restricted to identifying problems and finding solutions. The sustainable livelihoods approach facilitates the identification of practical priorities for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a panacea. The term sustainable refers to an individual's … The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. Five key elements of the The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. They have a strong influence on interpersonal relations. In this paper, I introduce the Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA), which draws from the sustainable livelihoods approach and it’s five capital assets to measure resilience. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. But its demand has remained largely unmet. A sustainable livelihood is defined by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) as having “the ability to cope and recover from unexpected events, while at the same time enhancing current and future capabilities” (UN-ESCAP, 2008). The livelihoods principles and framework form the basis of all livelihoods programming. There is no quick fix for this problem. Financial capital tends to be the least available livelihood asset of the poor. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. SL approaches and frameworks attempting to operationalise these principles received considerable attention from donors (principally DFID) in the last decade of the 20th century, and their explicit use in guiding rural development has since declined. Rice is their staple diet. The sustainable livelihoods approach is only one way of organizing the complex issues that surround poverty. [7] These had been found to be too narrow because they focused only on certain aspects or manifestations of poverty, such as low income, or did not consider other vital aspects of poverty such as vulnerability and social exclusion. It brings attention to bear on the inherent potential of people in terms of their skills, social networks, access to physical and financial resources, and ability to influence core institutions. Sustainable Livelihood Program is a community‐based program which provides capacity building to improve the program participants’ socio‐economic status. LAT Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit LB Livelihood Baseline LFS Labour Force Surveys NGO Non-governmental organization OCHA Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs PDNA Post-Disaster Needs Assessment PRA Participatory Rapid Assessment / Appraisal SLF Sustainable Livelihoods Framework SSI Semi-structured Interviewing TL Team Leader Non-farm livelihood options are pivotal to the sustainable future of mountain people and communities. The term reflects a concern with extending the focus of poverty studies beyond the physical manifestations of poverty to include also vulnerability and social exclusion. The vulnerability context includes, ADB (2004) Future solutions now—the tonle sap initiative. The livelihood assets, which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. (One of the many problems of development is that projects and programs, while favoring some, can disadvantage others.2) Potential livelihood outcomes can include more income, increased well-being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security, more sustainable use of the natural resource base, and recovered human dignity, between which there may again also be conflict. Vulnerability has two facets: an external side of shocks, seasonalities, and critical trends; and an internal side of defenselessness caused by lack of ability and means to cope with these. Sustainable livelihood is about meaningful work opportunities for all, especially young people, but also all aspects of what might be called quality of life at work, including for example work satisfaction, work/life balance and fair reward.. A sustainable community provides livelihood opportunities for local people that need them , especially young people. Although they can, in theory, be applied to work with any stakeholder group, an implicit principle for DFID is that activities should be designed to maximise livelihood benefits for the poor. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. They provide incentives that stimulate people to make better choices. Poverty-focused development activity should be: SL approaches must be underpinned by a commitment to poverty eradication. SL approaches to development offer frameworks for analysing livelihoods and identifying entry points for development interventions by donors and governments. The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) is a social program of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) for families and communities. The concept of Sustainable Livelihood (SL) is an attempt to go beyond the conventional definitions and approaches to poverty eradication. This, in turn, can be disaggregated to highlight different sub-components. Not affiliated Human capital , e.g., health, nutrition, education, knowledge and skills, capacity to work, capacity to adapt, Social capital, e.g., networks and connections (patronage, neighborhoods, kinship), relations of trust and mutual understanding and support, formal and informal groups, shared values and behaviors, common rules and sanctions, collective representation, mechanisms for participation in decision-making, leadership, Natural capital, e.g., land and produce, water and aquatic resources, trees and forest products, wildlife, wild foods and fibers, biodiversity, environmental services, Physical capital , e.g., infrastructure (transport, roads, vehicles, secure shelter and buildings, water supply and sanitation, energy, communications), tools and technology (tools and equipment for production, seed, fertilizer, pesticides, traditional technology), Financial capital,1 e.g., savings, credit and debt (formal, informal), remittances, pensions, wages, shocks, e.g., conflict, illnesses, floods, storms, droughts, pests, diseases, seasonalities, e.g., prices and employment opportunities, critical trends, e.g., demographic, environmental, economic, governance, and technological trends. It represents an important shift away from the focus on project inputs and outputs and the assumed mechanical links between them. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. (i) Key definitions The term "Sustainable Livelihood" is used here to refer to a livelihood that can cope with and A wide range of alternative income sources needs to be explored, understood and promoted, including rural enterprise development, collection of medicinal plants and other herbs, tourism, wage labor and remittance work. Sustainable Livelihood Livelihood can be best defined as the methods and means of making a living in the world. But the commonly quoted definition is by Chambers and Conway (1992), “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. Box: The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework—Strengths and Weaknesses, Seeks to understand changing combinations of modes of livelihood in a dynamic and historical context, Underplays elements of the vulnerability context, such as macroeconomic trends and conflict, Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro- and microlinkages, Assumes that capital assets can be expanded in generalized and incremental fashion, Acknowledges the need to move beyond narrow sectoral perspectives and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors, Does not pay enough attention to inequalities of power, Calls for investigation of the relationships between different activities that constitute livelihoods and draws attention to social relations, Underplays the fact that enhancing the livelihoods of one group can undermine those of another. Any dispute related to the use of the works of the Asian Development Bank that cannot be settled amicably shall be submitted to arbitration pursuant to the UNCITRAL rules. The sustainable livelihood framework is suitable for this study, the reason being that , analyses of livelihoods using this framework are usually done on entire households. First, it supports microenterprises to become organizationally and economically viable. pp 21-26 | It helps formulate development activities that are. Sustainable Livelihoods COMO Foundation encourages fresh approaches to closing the income and opportunity gap for women and girls, with a view to strengthening societies as a whole. Find out more. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. The SL approach has had a considerable influence upon the policies and strategies of a number of development agencies, notably the UK's Department for International Development (DFID), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and many non-governmental organisations (NGOs). It helps formulate development activities that are. Some of them may look familiar. The objective of the Sustainable Livelihood Program is to reduce poverty and inequality by generating employment among poor households and by moving highly vulnerable households into sustainable livelihoods and toward economic stability. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. A livelihood is said to be sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks to maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future. It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Knowledge Solutions A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living. Structures are the public and private sector organizations that set and implement policy and legislation; deliver services; and purchase, trade, and perform all manner of other functions that affect livelihoods. SL approaches have their limitations too, especially in terms of their ability to look at how livelihoods link together at the national or even global level and in identifying sector-wide or economy-wide solutions to poverty. People move in and out of poverty and the concept of vulnerability captures the processes of change better than poverty line measurements. What exactly are these „sustainable livelihoods‟ that DFID intends to help create? It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. Analysis and intervention in the SL approach is holistic and cuts across individual sectors, reflecting diversity in the livelihoods of poor people. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. The fundamental principles of livelihoods programming are that it is people-centred, multilevel, dynamic, and ultimately aims to achieve sustainable livelihoods4. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. Documents available: Indeed, it is because the poor lack it that the other types of capital are so important to them. Appreciative inquiry—originally developed as a tool for industry to avoid negative approaches to problem solving—extends this constructive outlook. However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. Fig. The sustainable livelihoods framework. In particular, the sustainable livelihoods approach stresses the importance of understanding institutions by mapping the institutional framework and linking the micro to the macro and the formal to the informal Therefore, it calls for a new style of policy appraisal that moves from universal prescriptions to context-specific approaches that allow alternative, local perspectives to reveal themselves in the policy framework. Most villagers cultivate rice on small scale basis but the quality is low due to poor milling facility. Household livelihood security. The opinions expressed in this chapter are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Asian Development Bank, its Board of Directors, or the countries they represent. The use of the Asian Development Bank’s name for any purpose other than for attribution, and the use of the Asian Development Bank’s logo, shall be subject to a separate written license agreement between the Asian Development Bank and the user and is not authorized as part of this CC-IGO license. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. This Entry has been submitted. Definition of livelihood from Oxford dictionary is “a means of securing the necessities of life”. More recently such approaches have fallen out of favour, but the core principles have become part of much conventional development thinking and continue to be influential. Livelihood strategies and outcomes are not just dependent on access to capital assets or constrained by the vulnerability context; they are also transformed by the environment of structures and processes. Not logged in The main objective of sustainable livelihood approach is a method of analysing and changing the lives of people experiencing poverty to improve their lives. Sustainable livelihood. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). One definition is provided by Chambers and Conway (1992) some 5 years before the White Paper: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living; a livelihood is sustainable Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. If material is not included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. They grant or deny access to assets. The Sustainable Livelihood Program, also known as SLP, is a community-based program, which provides capacity building to improve the program participants’ socio-economic status. Conducted in partnership with the public and private sectors. 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